分享到:
经济学综合 最近更新
2014年人文环境对低碳消费的影响分析
试论我国股票市场行情与证券公司经营回报论文
论信贷业务网上批量审批模式
政治经济学中的三个伪问题探讨论文
关于汇率冲击和异质企业与跨国公司生产决策
探析中国未来房价趋势
碳排放量、碳信息披露质量与企业价值
关于美欧经济复苏问题
试论黑龙江省林业经济发展对策论文
会计职业发展不足
精选发展战略论文集锦
通货膨胀时期的金融经济研究浅析
中国经济论文关于当前经济体制改革几个问题的认识
试论国际贸易惯例的法律属性论文
经济学论文辅导:企业和经营者
试论2014年新经济时代人才类型
发展战略论文真功夫的发展战略研究及其对中式快餐业的启示
中国经济论文利用FDI推进我国环保产业的市场化
试析新型农村社会养老保险问题与对策研究
红色旅游的时代价值及发展对策分析
Capitalism, global and local

Samuel Brittan looks at two Christmas books of a serious kind

Suppose you have two nephews. One is a student of economics or a beginner in financial markets. He has no intention of becoming a forecaster or creating mathematical models. But he would like to know the reasoning behind Gordon Brown#39;s "stability framework" without having to extract it from a large number of speeches.

Your other nephew is an arts student or works in publishing or journalism. He has no aspirations to economic expertise but is convinced that global capitalism is making the rich richer and the poor poorer. You in your turn want to give them both a serious Christmas book. Here are ideal gifts.

In Defence of Global Capitalism is written by a 27-year-old former anarchist, Johan Norberg, who now believes that capitalism is a force for freedom. According to his publisher, Swedish free-market think tank Timbro, his book has changed the Swedish debate.

The author is astonished that people who call themselves radicals should oppose the opening of borders and the dismantling of controls. In affluent countries free imports of goods and capital may seem a luxury. But in the Third World global capitalism can help deliver the masses from "an existence in abject poverty, in filth, ignorance and impotence, always wondering where the next meal is coming from and whether the water you have walked so many miles to collect is lethal or fit to drink".

Capitalists are most dangerous when, instead of being forced to compete, they join forces with government. However, Norberg does not want economic transactions to supplant all other human relations. His aim is voluntary relations in all fields.

But he goes beyond these generalities. Giving clear and verifiable sources, he nails one by one the fallacies and selective statistics that are used by the anti-capitalist protesters. Norberg is no laisser-faire fanatic. So far from disapproving of environmental regulation he uncovers information, new to me, showing that richer countries and countries with freer markets have a higher degree of environmental protection than the rest. This is not surprising as wealthier nations can more easily afford to protect their surroundings; and governments of free economies have more incentive to create congenial conditions to discourage their citizens from leaving.

Interestingly enough he quotes some of the same statistical relationships that are most frequently cited on the left. For instance, he shows that there is a positive relation between living standards and economic growth on the one hand and reduced "inequality" on the other. These relationships are often cited to support income redistribution and the welfare state. The Swedish author does not take sides here. Taking a world view, Norberg does not have to discuss policy rules for advanced industrial countries. This is the province of a handbook, Reforming Britain#39;s Economic and Financial Policy, compiled by the British Treasury.

随机推荐
中印经济合作前景探讨
论日本的区域经济政策及其特色
创业投资中双重委托代理关系的博弈分析
消费模式的演替与绿色消费
如何看待巴西对中国产品实施反倾销措施问题
中国地区间财力差异的变化趋势及因素分解
经济权力、经济制度和我国经济发展战略选择
中国证券投资者保护基金制度相关经济主体的逆向选择问题
浅析北京文化创意产业的发展
浅析我国历次宏观调控及2007年经济发展趋向

设为首页 | 关于我们 | 广告联系 | 友情链接 | 版权申明

Copyright 2009-2014 All Right Reserved [粤ICP备05100058号-11]